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Professional Development Research Paper

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Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum. Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

Professional Development Research Paper

Completing the captcha proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Superintendents, board members, and parents rarely ask, can you prove it? Instead, they ask for evidence. Then, decide what knowledge and skills the participating professionals must have to implement the prescribed practices and policies (level 2).

Effective professional development evaluations require the collection and analysis of the five critical levels of information shown in figure 1 (guskey, 2000a). Depending on the goals of the program or activity, this can involve anything from a pencil-and-paper assessment (can participants describe the crucial attributes of mastery learning and give examples of how these might be applied in typical classroom situations?) to a simulation or full-scale skill demonstration (presented with a variety of classroom conflicts, can participants diagnose each situation and then prescribe and carry out a fair and workable solution?). Using these five levels of information in professional development evaluations, are you ready to prove that professional development programs make a difference? Can you now demonstrate that a particular professional development program, and nothing else, is solely responsible for the schools 10 percent increase in student achievement scores or its 50 percent reduction in discipline referrals? Of course not.

But regardless of its form, professional development should be a purposeful endeavor. Educators have long considered professional development to be their rightsomething they deserve as dedicated and hardworking individuals. These questionnaires typically include a combination of rating-scale items and open-ended response questions that allow participants to make personal comments.

If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. We conduct evaluations for clear reasons and with explicit intent. Because of the general nature of this information, many organizations use the same questionnaire for all their professional development activities.

Through evaluation, you can determine whether these activities are achieving their purposes. Some educators refer to these measures of participants reactions as happiness quotients, insisting that they reveal only the entertainment value of an activity, not its quality or worth. This backward planning process is so important because the decisions made at each level profoundly affect those at the next.

Likewise, the practices and policies you want to implement influence the kinds of organization support or change required, and so on. You can also include results from questionnaires and structured interviews with students, parents, teachers, and administrators. Whats more, most schools are engaged in systemic reform initiatives that involve the simultaneous implementation of multiple innovations (fullan, 1992). Did they feel their time was well spent? Did the material make sense to them? Were the activities well planned and meaningful? Was the leader knowledgeable and helpful? Did the participants find the information useful? Important questions for professional development workshops and seminars also include, was the coffee hot and ready on time? Was the room at the right temperature? Were the chairs comfortable? To some, questions such as these may seem silly and inconsequential. Nevertheless, as any trial attorney will tell you, they offer the kind of personalized evidence that most people believe, and they should not be ignored as a source of information.


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Professional Development Research Paper

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Professional Development Research Paper The most accurate information typically comes from direct observations, either with trained observers or by reviewing video-or audiotapes. Professional Development Webinars provide exercises and tips for scientists to enhance their oral and poster presentation skills and effectively communicate their research in formal and informal settings. Did they feel their time was well spent? Did the material make sense to them? Were the activities well planned and meaningful? Was the leader knowledgeable and helpful? Did the participants find the information useful? Important questions for professional development workshops and seminars also include, You need to be cautious before jumping on any education bandwagon, always making sure that trustworthy evidence validates whatever approach you choose.
  • Does It Make a Difference? Evaluating Professional ...


    You may gather this information through questionnaires or structured interviews with participants and their supervisors, oral or written personal reflections, or examination of participants journals or portfolios. With each succeeding level, the process of gathering evaluation information gets a bit more complex. On further analysis, however, they discover that their students scores on mathematics achievement declined compared with those of the other students. Exploring the relationship between staff development and improvements in student learning. A lot of good things are done in the name of professional development.

    At level 4 we ask, did the new knowledge and skills that participants learned make a difference in their professional practice? The key to gathering relevant information at this level rests in specifying clear indicators of both the degree and the quality of implementation. A big part of planning involves ensuring that organization elements are in place to support the desired practices and policies. Superintendents, board members, and parents rarely ask, can you prove it? Instead, they ask for evidence. At level 3, you need to focus on questions about the organization characteristics and attributes necessary for success. Although success at an early level may be necessary for positive results at the next higher one, its clearly not sufficient.

    From a methodological perspective, they are a poor source of data. The lack of positive results in this case doesnt reflect poor training or inadequate learning, but rather organization policies that undermine implementation efforts. Nearly all professional development takes place in real-world settings. But experienced professional developers know the importance of attending to these basic human needs. In backward planning, you first consider the student learning outcomes that you want to achieve (level 5). They are typically highly subjective, and they may be inconsistent and unreliable. Second, tracking effectiveness at one level tells you nothing about the impact at the next. You need to ask, what evidence verifies that these particular practices and policies will lead to the desired results? How good or reliable is that evidence? Was it gathered in a context similar to ours? Watch out for popular innovations that are more opinion-based than research-based, promoted by people more concerned with what sells than with what works. Ascd is dedicated to excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged. The context-specific nature of this work complicates matters further.

    Educators have long considered professional development to be their right—something they deserve as dedicated and hardworking individuals. But legislators and policymakers have recently begun to question that right.

    NIDA International: Professional Development Webinars ...

    Professional Development Webinars provide exercises and tips for scientists to enhance their oral and poster presentation skills and effectively communicate their research in formal and informal settings.
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    Whats more, most schools are engaged in systemic reform initiatives that involve the simultaneous implementation of multiple innovations (fullan, 1992). They are typically highly subjective, and they may be inconsistent and unreliable. We conduct evaluations for clear reasons and with explicit intent. This backward planning process is so important because the decisions made at each level profoundly affect those at the next. You can analyze this information to help restructure future programs and activities to facilitate better and more consistent implementation.

    The relationship between professional development and improvements in student learning in these real-world settings is far too complex and includes too many intervening variables to permit simple causal inferences (guskey, 1997 guskey & sparks, 1996) Buy now Professional Development Research Paper

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    You can also include results from questionnaires and structured interviews with students, parents, teachers, and administrators. You can use this information not only to document and improve organization support but also to inform future change initiatives. These observations, however, should be kept as unobtrusive as possible (for examples, see hall & hord, 1987). As education budgets grow tight, they look at what schools spend on professional development and want to know, does the investment yield tangible payoffs or could that money be spent in better ways? Such questions make effective evaluation of professional development programs more important than ever. Grading policies that work against standards and how to fix them Professional Development Research Paper Buy now

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    First, each of these five levels is important. Consider, for example, the use of anecdotes and testimonials. Exploring the relationship between staff development and improvements in student learning. These observations, however, should be kept as unobtrusive as possible (for examples, see hall & hord, 1987). Nearly all professional development takes place in real-world settings.

    Although success at an early level may be necessary for positive results at the next higher one, its clearly not sufficient. Even if we agree on the student learning outcomes that we want to achieve, what works best in one context with a particular community of educators and a particular group of students might not work as well in another context with different educators and different students Buy Professional Development Research Paper at a discount

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    Through evaluation, you can determine whether these activities are achieving their purposes. This diminishes the effectiveness of their efforts and makes evaluation much more difficult. On further analysis, however, they discover that their students scores on mathematics achievement declined compared with those of the other students. As education budgets grow tight, they look at what schools spend on professional development and want to know, does the investment yield tangible payoffs or could that money be spent in better ways? Such questions make effective evaluation of professional development programs more important than ever. Breakdowns can occur at any point along the way.

    Even if we agree on the student learning outcomes that we want to achieve, what works best in one context with a particular community of educators and a particular group of students might not work as well in another context with different educators and different students Buy Online Professional Development Research Paper

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    This unintended outcome apparently occurred because the teachers inadvertently sacrificed instructional time in mathematics to provide more time for writing. They may involve analyzing district or school records, examining the minutes from follow-up meetings, administering questionnaires, and interviewing participants and school administrators. Whats more, most schools are engaged in systemic reform initiatives that involve the simultaneous implementation of multiple innovations (fullan, 1992). What works always depends on where, when, and with whom. Three important implications stem from this model for evaluating professional development.

    Many consider evaluation a costly, time-consuming process that diverts attention from more important activities such as planning, implementation, and follow-up Buy Professional Development Research Paper Online at a discount

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    Thats why professional development evaluations must include information on organization support and change. Gathering information at level 3 is generally more complicated than at previous levels. Time-series designs that include multiple measures collected before and after implementation are another useful alternative. This unintended outcome apparently occurred because the teachers inadvertently sacrificed instructional time in mathematics to provide more time for writing. Ascd is dedicated to excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged.

    This backward planning process is so important because the decisions made at each level profoundly affect those at the next Professional Development Research Paper For Sale

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    You need to be cautious before jumping on any education bandwagon, always making sure that trustworthy evidence validates whatever approach you choose. You can use this information not only to document and improve organization support but also to inform future change initiatives. You must plan backward (guskey, 2001), starting where you want to end and then working back. At level 3, the focus shifts to the organization. These questionnaires typically include a combination of rating-scale items and open-ended response questions that allow participants to make personal comments.

    Then you determine, on the basis of pertinent research evidence, what instructional practices and policies will most effectively and efficiently produce those outcomes (level 4) For Sale Professional Development Research Paper

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    Procedures differ depending on the goals of the program or activity. Isolating the effects of a single program or activity under such conditions is usually impossible. In some cases, information on student learning outcomes is used to estimate the cost effectiveness of professional development, sometimes referred to as return on investment or roi evaluation (parry, 1996 todnem & warner, 1993). Thats why professional development evaluations must include information on organization support and change. Evaluation provides the key to making that distinction.

    Ascd is dedicated to excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged Sale Professional Development Research Paper

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